Not much is known about New Helghan. What can be inferred is that the Helghast place a much larger emphasis on industry and production than their neighbors, and their territory bears the marks of this decision, with massive space elevators and factories all across the capital city. The waters on their side of the Wall appear to be heavily polluted and filled with refuse, and their air is thick with smog. This could possibly be an intentional choice by the Helghast as an attempt to recreate their former homeworld's atmosphere and avoid devolving back into regular humanity. Or they simply may not care due to the loss of their homeworld and view polluting Vekta as a type of revenge. There are several areas in New Helghan that are largely reclaimed by nature. These areas are sparse and spread out closer to the Vektan's side of the wall.
The police also seen using extreme force to segregate the pureblood Helghast from half-breeds. As trade sanctions against New Helghan began creating severe detrimental effects on life in the nation, the police have largely begun using extreme force to keep civilians of all types in line due to the severe economic difficulties the sanctions are creating. Large numbers of half-Helghast individuals were forced at sometime to leave New Helghan, but were eventually allowed to return. These "tainted" individuals are hated and treated poorly by virtually all of the inhabitants of Vekta, especially their former kin. There are known workers riots clashing with the military.
The slums of New Helghan are usually below the main city. Such slums are either locations such as Containment City, where people live in shipping containers, or abandoned malls and apartments. A dossier reveals that at least 40% of the people living there are Vektans. Such Vektans wear what could be Helghast clothes. Half-breeds live here as well, presumably. The Black Hand have high influence in these areas.
- It is stated in ISA news reports that New Helghan is suffering a famine, and that mass graves are being used to get rid of the bodies. The famine is so severe that reportedly many Helghast are resorting to cannibalism just to survive. This is very odd, as Vekta is a lush and incredibly fertile planet, and while on Helghan, a very hostile world with terrible soil, they were fully capable of feeding themselves. This could simply be ISA propaganda, to instill as much fear and mistrust of the Helghast into their people as possible or possibly the Helghast extreme pollution of their side of the planet has made agriculture a commodity that can only be acquired from the Vekta side of the planet.
- New Helghan appears to be a Republic after the collapse of the Autocratic Helghan Empire. The only source of this seems to come from a recruitment video heard on one of the monitors on the Helghast side of Vekta.